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Illustration: Johan Jarnestad

Illustration: Johan Jarnestad

The Crafoord Prize in Biosciences 2015

The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences has decided to award the 2015 Crafoord Prize in Biosciences to Richard Lewontin, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA, and Tomoko Ohta, National Institute of Genetics, Mishima, Japan “for their pioneering analyses and fundamental contributions to the understanding of genetic polymorphism”.

Nowadays, it may seem obvious that our genetic makeup is as unique as our fingerprints, but this was a startling contradiction to the prevailing theories when it was discovered in the 1960s. This new understanding, and the new theories it gave rise to, have provided science with a more accurate picture of genetic variation and natural selection. Crucial contributions to this body of knowledge were generated by this year's Crafoord Laureates, Richard Lewontin and Tomoko Ohta.

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